Anxiety and Depression – How CBT Can Help

It is an unfortunate fact that many children, adolescents and adults will experience some form of depression and anxiety disorders in their lives.  According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 8.3% of adults suffer from one form of depression, while anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S.  And it is not uncommon for someone with an Anxiety Disorder to suffer Depression and vice versa.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is probably one of the most frequently used treatment modalities in clinical practice to treat depression and anxiety disorders.  CBT has considerable research supporting its efficacy with many mental disorders but particularly with these two.

CBT was developed in the 1960’s to treat depression by Aaron Beck (Beck, A.T. 1961) who is considered by many to be the father of this theory.  He evolved CBT from helping his clients with depression.  Beck recognized that his clients’ way of thinking and processing information affected their behavior and emotion.  Thus he linked our thought best online casino process to our feeling state.

CBT objective is to quickly resolve negative and maladaptive thought patterns without delving too much into history or into the ‘why’ thus making this a relatively short-term and less costly therapy.  This form of therapy aims to correct these dysfunctional thoughts as well as, at a deeper level, uncover the underlying schemas that frame the persons experience and form the basis of these thought distortions.

Some of the most common thought distortions that contribute to depression or anxiety are:

  • Over-generalizations – we come to a general conclusion based on a single incident.  For example one bad date and we expect all dating to be a negative experience.
  • Jumping to Conclusions – without any evidence we think that we know what someone feels about us; or we anticipate an event to end badly.
  • Personalization – We take things personally even where these is no such connection.
  • Magnification and Minimization – exaggerating the importance of an insignificant event; or inappropriately shrinking the importance of a significant event.
  • “Shoulds” – having a list of rules about how others should behave and being rigid about those rules.
  • Emotional Reasoning – we believe that what we feel must be a fact, “I feel therefore it must be true”.

With CBT clients are taught to come up with rational responses to these automatic distorted thought patterns.  And when we change how we think, we change how we feel.

 

Are you confronting difficult issues in your life and feeling alone and unable to move beyond them? I  am an experienced Clinical Social Worker and offer understanding and empathy to help you move forward, accomplish your desired personal growth and achieve greater satisfaction with your life. I use a variety of therapeutic techniques, including cognitive-behavioral and insight oriented therapies, to help you accomplish your goals. My approach to therapy is practical, straightforward, collaborative and supportive. Connect with me on Inpathy today and start moving forward.

Photo by: Tamuc

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